The time spent with the Houyhmhnms has really gone to Gulliver’s head when he refers to his English language as “barbarous.” In continuation with his enlightening sessions with his Honorable Horse Master, he explains mankind’s intentions and techniques for going to war and the massive varieties of war machines, which simply amplify his master’s repugnance even more so of the human race. Furthermore, Gulliver expounds upon the need for laws and the greed of lawyers, which makes no sense to an animal that is wholly governed through nature and reason.
With the introduction of greedy lawyers, Gulliver has to explain the use of money to the Houyhmhnm, which leads to the typical-biased conversation of capitalism that portrays one group of people who use for their own gains the labor of another group of people of which the first group knows no end to their greedy desires. Gulliver also describes the abuses of food and liquor, as well as the description of the audacious Chief Minister of the State.
The author agrees that the Houyhnhmn race is quick to perceive the “vilest opinion of human kind,” but he does not make it too difficult with his one-sided reports of the debased segment of humanity. (Yes, I remember this is my grammar stage summation, but I cannot help myself.) He does admit that he has been persuaded by his several years with the Houyhnhmns, and he has developed distaste for falsehood (lies), has cultivated friendship and reverence for the inhabitants, and considers never returning to England to live among human kind. Later, Gulliver’s master reviews with him his observations of the Yahoos and how in many ways they are similar to Gulliver’s kind of Yahoos, that is, in accordance to Gulliver’s grand opinion of human kind.
Gulliver is permitted to observe the behaviors and habits of the Yahoos, in which he concludes do support the idea that they are “a most unteachable of all animals.” Furthermore, Gulliver gives a report of his observation of the “manners and customs” of the Houyhnhnms, whereas they are virtuous, void of all evil, and promote and are guided by reason. Unions are based on continuing the race, void of love and courtship, and they are responsible about overburdening the population; therefore, two is enough.