Lemuel Gulliver is having a challenging time assimilating in Brobdingnag due to the inequality in his stature to the native inhabitants and the proportional environment: and, in fact, numerous accidents befall him either by someone’s hoax or an uncontrolled animal so that his mishaps become the center of hilarity within the court. When the King questiones Gulliver about his ordeal with the monkey, and Gulliver makes a case for his own courage, the King and his court laugh at him causing Gulliver to “reflect how vain an attempt it is for a man to endeavor doing himself honor among those who are out of all degree of equality or comparison with him.”
The author provides a description of many fine items he produces out of hair taken from the Queen and how he entertains both the King and Queen with music; yet, he also shares an extensive account of which he gives to my favorite person from Brobdingnag, the King, about the government of England, including Parliament, its Bishops, Courts of Justice, and its military. The King took many notes and asked numerous questions, including “how a kingdom could run out of its estate like a private person,” and “whether a private man’s house might not better be defended by himself, his children, and family…” Furthermore, the King concluded, “...that ignorance, idleness, and vice, may be sometimes the only ingredients for qualifying a legislator; that laws are best explained, interpreted, and applied by those whose interest and abilities lie in perverting, confounding, and eluding them,” as well as, “...the bulk of [English] natives to be the most pernicious race of little odious vermin that nature ever suffered to crawl upon the surface of the earth.”
Needless to say, Gulliver is partial to his Mother country of England, and he realizes that he raises her virtues above her weakness; nonetheless, he recalls that this King is removed from the rest of the world and ignorant of the customs and manners of other nations. Gulliver continues to dig himself a hole by offering to share the science of gun powder and its uses, providing the King details of its results, to which the King is mortified, describing his subject as an “impotent and groveling…insect…[to]…entertain such inhuman ideas.” Gulliver declares the education of the people of Brogdingnag to be incomplete because it only focuses on morality, history, poetry, and mathematics, and also that their laws “are expressed in plain and simple terms.”
On a trip to the coast, Gulliver is relaxing inside his traveling container, which is resting upon the rocks, when his box is abruptly taken up by a large eagle, flown out toward the sea, and finally dropped into the ocean. For several hours he is floating on top of the water, periodically calling out for help, when he is eventually met with English seamen who take him up on to their vessel where he is able to rest. Finally he is home in England, but already thinking about venturing out once more.